Estimating the Exaflood: The Impact of Video and Rich Media on the Internet, a report released by the Discovery Institute estimates that by 2015 annual U.S. Internet and IP traffic will reach 1,000 exabytes, or one zettabyte, which is one million million billion bytes of data. Continue reading
Domain Tasting will die in 2008
Blogger Jay Westerdal , who coined the term “domain tasting’, notes a couple of developments that should ring the death knell for those who currently abuse ICANN’s ‘add grace period’ (AGP) policy by repeatedly registering the same names. Continue reading
Has AT&T Lost Its Mind?
In a recent Slate article Columbia Law Professor Tim Wu suggests that the recent proposal by AT&T to monitor internet traffic for copyright violations is the equivalent of corporate seppuku. Continue reading
The New York Law School DO TANK
DO TANK is shorthand for the Democracy Design Workshop of the Institute for Information Law & Policy at the New York Law School.
DO TANK contains a dazzling range of worthy projects from online access law to rethinking online conferencing
W3C Publishes HTML 5 Draft
On Jan 22, 2008 W3C published an early draft of HTML 5, a major revision of the markup language for the Web.
One notableÂ improvement is the adoption of the widely-used but non-standard <embed> element. Continue reading
CRITIQUES OF NATIONAL BROADBAND POLICY
The Benton Foundation today notes a number of recent critiques of USA national broadband policy, or the lack of it. Continue reading
ILSR report on muni broadband
Â A new report by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR) exploresÂ broadband options available to communities.Â It concludes that municipal investment in fiber is a must. Continue reading
Veni Markovski issues white paper on IGF
Veni Markovski, chair of the Internet Society of Bulgaria, and a board member of ISOC-NY, has issued a white paper criticizing the ICANN obsession of many participants in the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Rio last year. Continue reading
California Broadband Task Force reports
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger commissioned the California Broadband Task Force (CBTF) to â€œremove barriers to broadband access, identify opportunities for increased broadband adoption, and enable the creation and deployment of new advanced communication technologies.â€Â The Taskforce just published it’s report, saying that better, faster and more available broadband capabilities would propel economic growth for the most populous U.S. state, where 96 percent of households already have access to basic high-speed communications. They suggest the state consider issuing bonds to pay for the broadband build out. Continue reading
FIRMS TEAM UP TO OFFER INTERNET VIA SATELLITE IN TRANS-ATLANTIC PUSH
French satellite operator Eutelsat SA and U.S. equipment provider ViaSat Inc. have formed a partnership intended to make Internet access via satellite more competitive. The goal is to deliver faster, more flexible and less expensive broadband connections than those typically provided by existing satellite or ground-based rivals on both sides of the Atlantic. Continue reading
IPv6 finally coming to root DNS servers
The current IPv4 protocol used on the Internet is running out of the addresses needed to accommodate the growing number of users online.
The American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN), the organization responsible for giving out IP addresses in North America, says that 19 percent of the IPv4 addresses are still available, while 68 percent have been allocated and 13 percent are “unavailable,” whatever that could mean. There are 4.3 billion IPv4 addresses, or 2^32. IPv6 has 2^128 addresses, or 16 billion-billion.
There have been efforts to get more mileage out of IPv4 by using tricks like conversions to IPv6 or using duplicate IPv4 addresses within a firewall. This has helped extend the lifespan of IPv4 but it only prolonged the inevitable.
Until now the biggest obstacle to IPv6 has been the fact that IPv6 address information is not included in most of the root DNS servers that power the Internet. DNS (Domain Name Service) is the Internet service that translates domain names such www.example.com into the numeric IP (Internet Protocol) addresses such as 18.104.22.168 that are actually used to connect computers on the Internet.
Starting on February 4th, at least one of those adoption barriers will be addressed as records for IPv6 addresses are added to four of the key root DNS servers. The inclusion of the IPv6 records could make the adoption and operation of IPv6 a more viable option for network operators.
Former CTO of the OLTP project describes challenges to providing connectivity in developing nations
In an interview with ACM Queue, Mary Lou Jepsen, former CTO of the One Laptop Per Child (OLTP) project describes some of the technical challenges to providing Internet connectivity in developing nations:
The whole machine is a different class of computing environment, and it’s aimed at a different set of users. You can’t get there by taking a classic office productivity laptop and cost-reducing it.
It’s pretty hot in much of the developing world, so we’ve designed a laptop that can take extreme heat …. half the kids in the world don’t have electricity at home. Half the kids. Eighty percent of the schools that we’re going into don’t have electricity. So we had to design a laptop that was also the infrastructure. It has mesh networking …. solar repeaters and active antennas …. If one laptop in a village is connected to the Internet, they all are.
There’s truly so little power in the developing world. If a school is wired, it tends to be on a generator, and there’s one 60-watt light bulb per classroom. Generators make really weird power. Usually what comes out of the wall in most countries is 50 or 60 hertz, or somewhere in between. With generators, the frequency of the AC power can go down to 35 hertz. We therefore had to do really interesting power conditioning on the AC adapter. The laptop itself can take between negative 32 volts to 40 volts, and work well with anything from 11 to 18 volts. You can plug a car battery into it. You can plug a solar panel into it. A hand crank can produce enough energy to power the battery for some time, as can a bicycle or a windmill. India has this cow-dung system that creates methane that drives a generator. Even that will work.
NPR interviews Vint Cerf
2008 marks the 25th anniversary of the introduction of the TCP/IP protocol. In the Jan 5th episode ofÂ ‘All Things Considered’ on NPR Andrea Seabrook talks to Vint Cerf about the early development.
Mozilla Labs starts new project for deeper integration with online services
Chris Beard of Mozilla Labs announced a new project for “deeper integration of the browser with online services.” The goals include:
- provide a basic set of optional Mozilla-hosted online services
- ensure that it is easy for people to set up their own services with freely available open standards-based tools
- provide users with the ability to fully control and customize their online experience, including whether and how their data should be shared with their family, their friends, and third-parties
- respect individual privacy (e.g. client-side encryption by default with the ability to delegate access rights)
- leverage existing open standards and propose new ones as needed
- build a extensible architecture like Firefox
This is an exciting and very necessary development for Mozilla. As personal data storage is moved from the desktop to the Net, client-side encryption is essential for privacy and security. It is inevitable that the companies offering web apps will suffer a shakeout and some will fold. And security breaches are a fact of online life.
I’m looking forward to integrating this into the ISubuntu project.
Google Policy Fellowship Applications Due January 11
Google has launched a new student Fellowship Program that will provide opportunity for students interested in Internet and tech policy to advance their studies through summer work at public interest organizations. Continue reading