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  • joly 5:02 am on 06/18/2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: codecon, , , report   

    VIDEO: Mary Meeker’s 2017 internet trends report @Recode @kpcb #codecon 

    CodeConOn May 31 2017 Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers partner Mary Meeker delivered her annual internet trends report at the 2017 Code Conference in California.


    View on Slideshare: https://www.slideshare.net/kleinerperkins/internet-trends-2017-report


    View on YouTube: https://youtu.be/UC8GwG6srqs



    Twitter: #codecon + meeker http://bit.ly/2sGdVSz

  • joly 5:21 pm on 10/01/2014 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , internet.org, report   

    REPORT: Offline and Falling Behind: Barriers to Internet Adoption @internet_org #access 

    The goal of Internet.org – an initiative launched in August 2013 by Facebook, Ericsson, MediaTek, Nokia, Opera, Qualcomm and Samsung — is to connect the 4.4 billion people who currently lack access to the Internet, but a mission on such a large scale is not without barriers, and a study released Wednesday by McKinsey & Co., Offline and Falling Behind: Barriers to Internet Adoption, examines those barriers.

    The study broke the barriers into four categories — incentives, low incomes and affordability, user capability and infrastructure — and found that:

    • 3.4 billion of the 4.4 billion people without Internet access are located in 20 countries.
    • 1.1 billion to 2.8 billion of them are outside the range of existing mobile networks.
    • 920 million of them are illiterate.
    • Women in developing countries are 25 percent less likely to be connected than men.

    The report’s seven key findings::

    • Over the past decade, the global online population grew to just over 2.7 billion people, driven by five trends: the expansion of mobile network coverage and increasing mobile Internet adoption, urbanization, shrinking device and data-plan prices, a growing middle class and the increasing utility of the Internet.
    • The online population is expected to grow by another 500 million to 900 million by 2017, meaning that 4.2 billion people will still be offline.
    • Some 75 percent of the offline population is concentrated in 20 countries, and those people are disproportionately rural, low-income, elderly, illiterate and female.
    • The offline population faces barriers to Internet adoption spanning four categories: incentives, low incomes and affordability, user capability and infrastructure.
    • McKinsey & Co. found a systematically positive and, in some cases, large correlation between barrier categories and Internet penetration rates.
    • Some 2 billion of the offline population of 4.4 billion live in 10 countries that face challenges across all four barrier categories, and 1.1 billion are in countries dominated by a single barrier category (more details below).
    • Current initiatives, forthcoming innovations and lessons from countries that have made headway are cause for optimism.

    McKinsey & Co. also broke down where countries fell in terms of barriers to connecting everyone to the Internet:

    High barriers across the board: Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Pakistan and Tanzania.
    Medium to high barriers: Egypt, India, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand.
    Medium barriers, greatest challenges in incentives: China, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.
    Medium barriers, greatest challenges in low incomes and affordability: Colombia, Mexico,Brazil, South Africa and Turkey.
    Low barriers across the board: Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Russia and the U.S.

    Full report: http://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/dotcom/client_service/High%20Tech/PDFs/Offline_and_falling_behind_Barriers_to_Internet_adoption.ashx
    Executive Summary: http://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/dotcom/client_service/High%20Tech/PDFs/Offline_and_falling_behind_Barriers_to_Internet_adoption_Briefing.ashx

  • joly 5:34 pm on 03/25/2014 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , GSN, , report, ,   

    New @GlobalSN report – The Remarkable Internet Governance Network – free to download #iana #netgov 

    Global Solution NetworksThe Global Solution Networks program at the University of Toronto has released a two part research report The Remarkable Internet Governance Network, authored by former Internet Society President/CEO Lynn St. Amour, and GSN Executive Director Don Tapscott. The report is intended to assist governments and organizations to better understand the Internet governance network and how to help it succeed.

    The recent IANA Globalization initiative is noted. From the press release:

    [St. Amour and Tapscott] describe the multi-stakeholder model of Internet governance, why it works remarkably well and what needs to be done to ensure a robust, global, accessible and effectively governed Internet for future generations. [They] applaud the NTIA decision as a natural step forward and a significant confirmation that the multi-stakeholder model is effective and legitimate. They explain that evolving the global multi-stakeholder ecosystem is not only right and timely, but also the best way to address some of the thornier policy issues global society faces. These issues range from privacy, security and Net neutrality, to access and intellectual property.

    Included in the report’s additional materials are transcripts of interviews with Tim Berners-Lee, Fadi Chehadé, Vint Cerf, Bertrand de La Chapelle, and Jonathan Zittrain. The report is free to download:

  • joly 6:10 am on 11/27/2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , infographic, , itu-d, report   

    VIDEO INFOGRAPHIC: @ITU Measuring the Information Society Report 2013 #ITUdata 

    MIS 2013On 7 October 2013 the ITU’s Telecommunication Development Bureau (ITU-D) released the 5th edition of its Measuring the Information Society (MIS) report, which details various metrics of communications adoption worldwide, including the ICT Development Index (IDI). The IDI captures the level of ICT developments in 157 economies worldwide and compares progress made during the last year. The MIS 2013 also presents the first comprehensive mobile-broadband price data set for almost 130 economies. It features a new model and data to measure the world’s digital native population – those young people who were born into the digital age  – and a quantitative overview of digital TV broadcasting trends.. An Executive summary is available in ArabicChineseEnglishFrenchRussian, and Spanish. An animated video infographic is below:

    View on YouTube: http://youtu.be/DWCEWv5OxqY
    Twitter: #ITUdata

  • joly 3:23 am on 05/03/2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , nas, report   

    REPORT: #Copyright in the Digital Era:  Building Evidence for Policy @NASciences 

    Copyright in the Digital EraIn a report released May 2, 2013, Copyright in the Digital Era:  Building Evidence for Policy, authors Stephen A. Merrill and William J. Raduchel of the National Acadamy of Sciences call on federal agencies and foundations to support a broad range of empirical research studies to contribute to the comprehensive review of US copyright law recommended by Register of Copyrights, Maria Pallente, and announced April 24, 2013 by House Judiciary Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte.  The report also urges the federal government to consider instituting two regular, systematic surveys – one of businesses on their acquisition and use of intellectual property of all types and the other of consumers to understand how digital content is created and used.

    From the blurb:

    Over the course of several decades, copyright protection has been expanded and extended through legislative changes occasioned by national and international developments. The content and technology industries affected by copyright and its exceptions, and in some cases balancing the two, have become increasingly important as sources of economic growth, relatively high-paying jobs, and exports. Since the expansion of digital technology in the mid-1990s, they have undergone a technological revolution that has disrupted long-established modes of creating, distributing, and using works ranging from literature and news to film and music to scientific publications and computer software.

    In the United States and internationally, these disruptive changes have given rise to a strident debate over copyright’s proper scope and terms and means of its enforcement–a debate between those who believe the digital revolution is progressively undermining the copyright protection essential to encourage the funding, creation, and distribution of new works and those who believe that enhancements to copyright are inhibiting technological innovation and free expression.

    Copyright in the Digital Era: Building Evidence for Policy examines a range of questions regarding copyright policy by using a variety of methods, such as case studies, international and sectoral comparisons, and experiments and surveys. This report is especially critical in light of digital age developments that may, for example, change the incentive calculus for various actors in the copyright system, impact the costs of voluntary copyright transactions, pose new enforcement challenges, and change the optimal balance between copyright protection and exceptions.

    The report is $35 for paperback, but free for online viewing or download. A summary is available.

  • joly 3:31 pm on 12/18/2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , report, Scott Stringer   

    Scott Stringer “Start Up City” report calls for upgrading NYC Internet #startupcity @scottmstringer 

    Start Up CityOn December 11 2012 Manhattan Borough President, and candidate for City Comptroller, Scott Stringer issued “Start-up City: Growing New York City’s Entrepreneurial Ecosystem for All“. The report delineates 11 areas in which NYC can act to foster growth and access to its developing tech economy. Section 3 is devoted to connectivity, and is reproduced below:


    “It’s like the elephant in the room is that bandwidth here sucks…There has to be ways for the city to construct much better bandwidth availability for start-ups.” – David Pakman, Partner, Venrock111

    Defining the Problem: New York’s lack of reliable, high-speed internet is limiting the growth of Tech 2.0. Though entrepreneurs in New York have access to broadband, many of those we interviewed said that the City’s telecom infrastructure is well behind where it should be for a city vying to be one of the nation’s two leading technology hubs. In fact, many start-ups that have looked for affordable space in former industrial districts outside of Manhattan have had to abandon those plans after discovering highspeed internet connections were not available.

    Goal: Improve internet speed and reliability by increasing competition throughout the five boroughs and opening up government property to fiber optic cable.
    (More …)

  • joly 2:42 pm on 06/29/2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , report, usa   

    Pew: 48.4% of U.S. adults access #Internet via cell phones #broadband 

    A new Pew survey Cell Internet Use 2012 finds that Americans are increasingly using cell phones to access the Internet.

    Some 88% of U.S. adults own a cell phone of some kind as of April 2012, and more than half of these cell owners (55%) use their phone to go online. We call these individuals “cell internet users” throughout this report, and this represents a notable increase from the 31% of cell owners who said that they used their phone to go online as recently as April 2009.

    Moreover, 31% of these current cell internet users say that they mostly go online using their cell phone, and not using some other device such as a desktop or laptop computer. That works out to 17% of all adult cell owners who are “cell-mostly internet users”—that is, who use their phone for most of their online browsing.

    Pew cellphone use 2012

    The survey reinforces the idea of a “new digital divide”:

    Young adults and non-whites are especially likely to use their cell phones for the majority of their online activity:

    Nearly half of all 18-29 year olds (45%) who use the internet on their cell phones do most of their online browsing on their mobile device.
    Half (51%) of African-American cell internet users do most of their online browsing on their phone, double the proportion for whites (24%). Two in five Latino cell internet users (42%) also fall into the “cell-mostly” category.

    Additionally, those with an annual household income of less than $50,000 per year and those who have not graduated college are more likely than those with higher levels of income and education to use their phones for most of their online browsing.

    Read the full report:

  • joly 5:46 am on 03/03/2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , FTTx, report   

    Report: Russia passing USA in #fiber 

    Dave Burstein in Fast Net News – Russia Passing U.S. In “Fiber” – reports that Russia is on the cusp of passing the USA in terms of percentage of residences reached, either directly by fiber, or by some fiber+LAN system.

    He says:

    All in the name. Korea’s #1 in penetration if 100 megabits on copper from fiber to the basement is “fiber.” Japan is #1 if only fiber all the way to the apartment is considered. The U.S. is far behind in either case, with the larger countries of Europe – except Russia – even further behind. Nearly 60% of Korean homes subscribe to one or the other and over 40% of Japanese. So do 27% of Lithuanians.
    Yes, Lithuania leads Europe. They, the Russians and other Eastern Europeans generally deliver broadband by fiber to the basement and copper to the apartment, Speeds are often 100 megabits; Russia often is near the top in average Internet speeds.
    “Fiber” in the U.S. only reaches 8% of homes. The vast majority of U.S. fiber lines are Verizon, which has essentially stopped building. Russia is at the same level, expanding rapidly. China is only at 4%, although they are expanding at a rate of 10M a quarter.

    (More …)

  • joly 8:14 am on 01/22/2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: adoption, , , report   

    Video: Who can afford #broadband worldwide? @ITU_News 

    In October 2011, the ITU’s Broadband Commission for Digital Development set the target that basic broadband service should cost less than 5% of average monthly income in all countries worldwide by 2015. How many countries already make the grade? And what are prices like in the poorest parts of the world, where broadband could be the critical catalyst for meeting the Millennium Development Goals in areas like education and health? The results are mapped in this stylish video..

  • joly 5:46 am on 07/22/2011 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , mbp. citi, report   

    CITI issues “Broadband in America – 2nd Edition” report #broadband 

    As it prepared the 2010 National Broadband Plan the FCC commissioned The Columbia Institute for Tele-Information (CITI) to write a report summarizing the state of broadband development in the USA. The report, entitled Broadband in America was delivered in November 2009. Now, in July 2011 CITI has issued a follow-up – Broadband in America – 2nd Edition. The 176 page document, which includes plenty of meaty research, maps the explosive growth of wireless service in the interim period plus other developments including:

    • Advances in DSL, including ‘bonding’, will lead to speeds of up to 30mbps on copper.
    • AT&T and Verizon aim to provide 50 million homes with 10 Mb/s wire line by 2013.
    • Verizon expects to have 94% of the country covered by LTE – 10-12mbps – by 2013.
    • AT&T, Verizon, and Quest currently have 5.3m FTTH subscribers, but there are another 770 FTTH ISPs collectively serving another 1.9m premises.
    • When AT&T & Verizon finish deploying FIOS & U-Verse they will reach 40% of US households.
    • DOCSIS 3.0 deployment is patchy.
    • Broadband adoption will reach saturation at around 70% in 2014 with a split of 39% cable to 31% telco.
    • 12% of U.S. households still use dial-up and 19% don’t use the Internet at all.
    • Prices for wire line are expected to increase 2%/yr, and wireless up to 4%/yr.
    • Investment runs at about $33b/yr, increasingly on wireless.
    • Less than 50% of backbone capacity is being used.

    CITI Internet Access chart

    The latter half of the report is taken up by guest essays, including

    • Sharply contrasting views from Blair Levin and Eli Noam on the wire line vs wireless issue.
    • Raul Katz gives detailed figures on the economic impact of rural broadband.
    • D. Linda Garcia and Tarkan Rosenberg give a history lesson on the role of rural co-operatives in rolling out universal phone service, and then expound on the “diffusion model” as a means of getting through to that last 30% of holdouts.
    • Bruce Lincoln gives a practical blueprint for such a diffusion model with his “Advancing Community Broadband” scheme, involving setting up wi-fi networks, plus telework/telehealth centers, in low-income neighborhoods.
  • joly 2:10 pm on 06/01/2011 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , report, traffic, ,   

    Cisco predicts 400% growth in global IP traffic by 2015 #Internet #VNI 

    Cisco’s Virtual Networking Index, in a report Entering the Zettabyte Era (pdf) issued today Jun 1 2011, predicts that annual global IP traffic (Internet and non-Internet) will grow 400% by 2015 to reach 966 exabytes or nearly 1 zettabyte. The chart below represents Internet traffic.
    Internet traffic growth by 2015

    Other predictions for 2015:

    • There will be 3 billion global Internet users, with average bandwidth of 27mbps.
    • The number of devices connected to IP networks will be twice as high as the global population.
    • There will be 6 million Internet households worldwide generating over a terabyte per month in Internet traffic, up from just a few hundred thousand in 2010 (but most of them will be in Asia).
    • Traffic from wireless devices will exceed traffic from wired devices.
    • Peak traffic will be equivalent to 500 million people streaming a high-definition video continuously.

    Over 60% of the traffic will be video, broken down as follows:

    Video usage breakdown 2010-2015

    Interestingly the report tackles the topic of possible changes to the asymmetric bandwidth status quo:

    With the exception of short-form video and video calling, most forms of Internet video do not have a large upstream component.

    As a result, traffic is not becoming more symmetric as many expected when user-generated content first became popular. The emergence of subscribers as content producers is an extremely important social, economic, and cultural phenomenon, but subscribers still consume far more video than they produce. Upstream traffic has been flat as a percentage for several years, according to data from the participants in the Cisco VNI Usage program.

    It appears likely that residential Internet traffic will remain asymmetric for the next few years. However, there are a number of scenarios that could result in a move toward increased symmetry.
    • Content providers and distributors could adopt P2P as a distribution mechanism. There has been a strong case for P2P as a low-cost content delivery system for many years, yet most content providers and distributors have opted for direct distribution, with the exception of applications such as PPStream and PPLive in China, which offer live video streaming through P2P, and have had great success. If content providers in other regions follow suit, traffic could rapidly become highly symmetric.
    • High-end video communications could accelerate, requiring symmetric bandwidth. PC-to-PC video calling is gaining momentum, and the nascent mobile video calling market appears to have promise. If high-end video calling becomes popular, this will move traffic toward symmetry again.

    Generally, if service providers provide ample upstream bandwidth, applications that use upstream capacity will begin to appear.

  • joly 3:33 am on 04/20/2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , GPON, , PON, PTP, report   

    Ofcom Report: Fiber capacity limitations in access networks 

    In Januray 2010 analysys mason delivered a report Fibre capacity limitations in access networks to UK Internet regulator Ofcom.

    The report, full of technical detail, and with very useful appendices of acronyms and a glossary, concludes that, in the short to medium term, fiber could handle double the predicted traffic. What’s more economies of scale and the implementation of photonic integrated circuit (PIC) technology. As new services become available and providers are forced to upgrade point-to point (PTP) networks would be easier to upgrade than passive optical networks (PON), because in a PTP network there is no passive (or active) equipment in the field and users can be upgraded individually. PON networks (such as FIOS) are cheaper to build than PTP, however operational issues regarding upgrades could prove to be a significant bottleneck, which could, in the worst case, prevent them from being upgraded at all.

    Technology evolution requirements

  • joly 2:08 am on 02/26/2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , report   

    New gTLD Program: Registry Operations Benchmarks published 

    As ICANN’s new GTLD process grinds forward, one aspect specified is that new applications should be compared to benchmarks. This required that such benchmarks be established by research. The resulting KPMG study has just been published.

    Some of the findings include:

    • Most use open source database and server operating systems.
    • The tech is not difficult. What has been a problem is accurately predicting take-up.
    • There generally has been less take-up that anticipated
    • Growth curves vary. What is certain is that immediate rates of take-up are a good indicator of the long term success.
    • The majority of respondents indicated that their liquidity improved over time.
    • Large registries ran operations in-house and had much much cheaper costs per registration ($1.74) than small registries, who normally outsourced operations ($15).

    The report also suggests ICANN’s process is lacking in proper financial scrutiny of applicants

    • joly 2:25 am on 02/26/2010 Permalink | Reply

      It has been suggested to me that two unmentioned factors contribute to the above results.

      • Marketing of previous new gTLDs has been abysmal.
      • Neustar’s dumping of $40m into .biz seriously skews the financial results.

      The former problem maybe ameliorated in future if proposals to allow vertical integration of some registries and registrars are adopted.

    • Antony Van Couvering 12:17 pm on 02/26/2010 Permalink | Reply

      Open-source database and server software isn’t mandated by ICANN, it’s just that most people use it. There are, however, 25% of the surveyed registries who use Windows server software, so it’s not unanimous — just appears to be best practice (not to mention cheaper).

  • joly 6:52 pm on 02/17/2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , report   

    Study shows why over 30 percent of USA never uses Net 

    Arstechnica reports on a new NTIA study – Digital Nation: 21st Century America’s Progress Towards Universal Broadband Internet Access.

    • 75.8 million = 63.5 percent of US households have High Speed Internet
    • 198 million Internet users = 68.4%  of USA population
    • Thus 31.6% never use the Internet – of that number (domestic/overall)
    • 16.7%/47.2% = don’t need/not interested
    • 38.9%/8.6% = too expensive
    • 22.3% = lack of equipment
    • 4% = lack of skill
    • Home dialup users won’t upgrade because:
    • 7.3% = don’t need/not interested
    • 41.3% =too expensive (22.3% rural / 27.6% urban)
    • 11% of rural users had no upgrade option
  • joly 3:07 am on 02/13/2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: report,   

    How much white-space capacity is there? – U.C. Berkeley report 

    A new study by the Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences Dept. at U.C. Berkeley, to appear at the 2010 IEEE Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks, Singapore, analyses the nation’s white-space capacity subsequent to recent FCC rulings.

  • joly 12:13 am on 02/01/2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , report   

    Journal on Telecommunications and High Technology Law 

    The JTHTL Article Archive is now open, with free, full-text, searchable, paginated PDF downloads of every piece published in the JTHTL, including full issues.

    About JTHTL

    A group of students, under the guidance of Professor Phil Weiser, founded The Journal on Telecommunications and High Technology Law (JTHTL) at the University of Colorado Law School in 2001. JTHTL has since established a position among the elite national technology and telecommunications law journals, featuring seminal moments in Internet policy such as former FCC Chairman Michael Powell’s articulation of the four Internet Freedoms and Professor Tim Wu&amp’s groundbreaking definition of Network Neutrality.

  • joly 12:54 pm on 01/07/2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , report   

    New NYU IPI Net Neutrality Report 

    Inimai M. Chettiar and J. Scott Holladay of the Institute for Policy Integrity at New York University School of Law have published a new report “Free to Invest – The Economic Benefits of Preserving Net Neutrality

    This Report discusses some of the central questions that are raised by the FCC’s proposed net neutrality rules and finds that, on balance, maintaining the current pricing scheme is likely to be economically justified. While opponents of net neutrality are correct that it may have some downsides – including decreased investment incentives for ISPs and potential impacts on technological development -the government has tools at its disposal to mitigate these downsides. Moreover, the benefits of net neutrality, especially maintaining investment incentives for the development of new content, are very high.

  • joly 1:13 pm on 12/31/2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: literacy, report,   

    Reading tripled from 1980 to 2008, thanks to ‘Net 

    “Reading, which was in decline due to the growth of television, tripled from 1980 to 2008, because it is the overwhelmingly preferred way to receive words on the Internet,” found a University of California at San Diego study (.pdf) published this month by Roger E. Bohn and James E. Short of the University of San Diego.

    Americans consumed 3.6 billion terabytes of information last year, averaging 11.8 hours of information consumption per day. Video and videogames constituted 55 percent of those bytes, but on average, Americans read 36 percent of the 100,500 words they consume each day, according to the San Diego study, which analyzed more than 20 data sources. The study doesn’t cover writing, but a simple glance at Facebook feeds reveals that we’re almost certainly writing more than we used to, as well.

    (via Wired)

  • joly 5:08 am on 12/24/2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Morgan Stanley, report   

    Morgan Stanley Mobile Internet Report 

    Morgan Stanley have produced and published an incredibly detailed analysis of the state of the mobile internet. It’s their first major report on the Internet since 1995. In their opinion we are about two years in to the 5th successive 10 year cycle of tech innovation – the mobile internet- and they expect this one to surpass all previous in terms of wealth generation.

    The report is available in three flavors:

    1) The Mobile Internet Report Setup– a 92-slide presentation that excerpts highlights of the key themes from the report (also available in Simplified Chinese – 移动互联网研究报告摘要).

    2) The Mobile Internet Report Key Themes – a 659-slide presentation that drills down on thoughts covered in “The Mobile Internet Report” (40MB).

    3) The Mobile Internet Report– a 424 page report which explores 8 major themes in depth and includes the two aforementioned slide presentations + related overview text (50MB) – If you prefer to download individual themes of the report, click here.

  • joly 9:58 pm on 12/22/2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , report,   

    Transcript of CITI Report presentation to FCC – Dec 10 2009 

    [report and more details: here]
    Washington, D.C.
    Thursday, December 10, 2009

    Introduction of Workshop:

    Panel 2 – Citi Report: ‘Broadband in America: Where It Is and Where It is Going (According to Broadband Service Providers)’

    Director of Policy Research, Columbia Institute for Tele-Information (CITI)

    Research Assistant Supervisor, Columbia Institute for Tele-Information (CITI)


    Director, Pew Internet & American Life Project
    (More …)

  • joly 9:23 pm on 12/22/2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , report,   

    Transcript of Berkman Report presentation to FCC – Dec 10 2009 

    [report and more details: here]

    Washington, D.C.
    Thursday, December 10, 2009

    Introduction of Workshop:

    Panel 1 – Berkman Report: ‘Next Generation Connectivity: A Review of Broadband Internet Transitions and Policy from Around the World’

    Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies, Harvard


    Legal Director, Public Knowledge

    Professor of Law & Economics, Director of the Information Economy Project, George Mason University School of Law

    (More …)

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